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Boyarka

There are two ways to get to Boyarka. The first one is from the ring road by route T 1012, via Vyshneve. The second one is by route M 95 (Academician Glushkov Avenue leads to it) to the turning to Boyarka, which is 3 km. from the city. Boyarka inhabitants consider that the age of their native city is quite respectable, though in reality it appeared in the latter half of the 19 th century as a railway station, and borrowed its name from the neighboring village (present-day Tarasivka). However, students of local lore are in the right because this locality was populated from time immemorial, from the settlements of the early Iron Age (8 th-7 th c. B.C.) to the settlement of Budaivka written reference to which dates from the early 16 th century. Besides, the territory of modern Boyarka in part composed the lands of an old Rus settlement, which is proved by the memorial plaque on the hill near the Church of St. Michael. Guides of the Boyarka Museum of Local Lore will reveal all secrets of the local history. On leaving the city you drive along the main road to the level crossing, where close to the railway stands a nice building of school No.2, a real architectural gem of Boyarka. The museum is situated on the right. Initially it was fully devoted to one person – the writer Nikolay Ostrovsky; today other expositions have been opened as well. However, the exhibits concerning the life and creative work of the author of “How the Steel was Tempered” occupy a special place. The fortitude of man, bedridden, blind, but not conquered by adversities, cannot but arouse admiration and respect regardless of ideological views. It’s unlikely that modern young people know the novel “How the Steel was Tempered” well enough, so we’d like to dwell upon the main character of the novel, the Kyivan member of the Komsomol, Pavel Korchagin, whose prototype was the author himself. The plot of the novel reflects real events that took place in Kyiv region in 1921. Kyiv was becoming frozen. It was decided to deliver firewood from Boyarka, but trees were cut down 6 versts from the station. Under extreme conditions Young Communist Leaguers built a narrow-gauge railway, which connected the logging ground with the railway junction. Neither cold, nor bullets or physical burden could stop the volunteers. At the cost of their incredible efforts, health and even lives Kyiv was rescued… Pavel became an ideal of devotion to an idea for millions of young people, and Nikolay Ostrovsky, an example of steadfastness. As a matter of fact the image of Korchagin is very popular in China. In 1999 Chinese cinematographers shot a film in Boyarka after Ostrovsky’s novel. Concerning school No. 2, which is called “forest school” by the writer, it was an orphan-asylum in the early 20 th century, and in the 1920 s it was reorganized into an educational institution. It has been fulfilling the same function to this day, and only a sumptuous decor on the facade reminds one of the remote past of a private summer cottage. The local climatic conditions were very beneficial for treating lung diseases, so in the last quarter of the 19 th century (particularly after the railway station was opened here) the building of dachas was going on a large scale. Kyivites of moderate means rented summer cottages for summer holidays, and well-to-do citizens built their own dachas. Thus a number of beautiful streets appeared in Boyarka, the richest of them being called Khreschatyk. In the 1930 s it was renamed Karl Marx Street, and dachas were converted into children’s sanatoriums. Today the remains of magnificent structures continue to ornament the former Karl Marx Street. Another landmark of the city is the wooden Church of St. Michael built in 1901 after the project of M. Lordenin on the hill above the lake. Lumber for the construction was allotted by the state, the Synod in part cleared financial expenses, but the main funds consisted of donations. The poet V.Samiylenko, the councilor A.Vasilevsky (known for his charitable activity), and other esteemed citizens of Boyarka were buried in the cemetery near the church. In the past the families of M.Bulgakov, I.Erenburg, Sholom-Aleykhem, and M. Hrushevsky came to Boyarka to rest. The poet S. Nadson, the actor M.Zankovetska, academician V.Vernadsky and other celebrities visited the city as well. The well-known Ukrainian artist M. Pymonenko, a native of Kyiv, visited the small picturesque village of Maliutianka when he was a child and helped his father paint the local church. From 1888 through 1911 the artist came here every summer, when he had to leave Petersburg because of the aggravation of his health. He immortalized the local landscapes and the images of fellow-villagers in the canvases of Pymonenko’s Maliutianka period, and this was a span of 23 years. Just look at his Wedding in Kyiv Province, Laundress, By the River, other paintings, and you will see personages and scenery of Maliutianka. The artist’s studio has not survived, but by effort of the villagers the building of Mykola Pymonenko has been restored. Today the artist’s museum and village library are working here. Recently a descendant of the artist has handed over M. Pymonenko’s family archives to the museum. Maliutianka is 3 km. from Boyarka. On entering the village, near the bus stop, a narrow road branches away from the highway to the left. Some 300 meters farther, beyond the grove, on the right, stands a small cottage behind a low fence

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