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Donetsk

Ahead of you lies a very beautiful city of Donetsk. To get there from Artemivsk it is better to take route in the direction of Debaltseve. The road here is in a far better state than in Horlivka. On the way you may have a rest in the open air nearby the settlement of Myronivske, near the storage pool. From here opens up a wonderful Donetsk landscape.

Since olden times the miner’s capital has been famous for its roses, which tradition­ally decorate public gardens, parks, streets and flowerbeds, giving the city an elevat­ed and festive look. In 1970 by decision of UNESCO Donetsk was acknowledged the most “green” city among the industrial centers of the world – it has more than 30 parks and gardens, about 60 public gardens. And the number of roses planted in the streets corresponds to the number of citizens.

Donetsk is one of the youngest cities of Ukraine. The point is that its former owner, John Yuz, offered stubborn resistance to granting the settlement the status of a city. He presumably had his own reasons for that. However that may be, but Yuzivka was founded in 1869, but acquired the status of a city only in 1917. In 1924 the city was given the name of Stalin (later – Staline). Soviet power wanted to underline in such a way the stormy rates of development of steel-smelting industry in the region. However, afterwards the name acquired political sounding. Everything in this town was carried out at a brisk pace – beginning from the small Oleksandrivka mine (1820), where coal was mined by primi­tive methods, to the industrial extraction of 500,000 poods a year (1850 s), organized by Count Vorontsov. It took a few years to build a metallurgical plant on the right bank of the Kalmius River (1869) and come

View of Svitlodarsk to the mass production of rolled rails (1873). From 1874 to 1917 the population of the city increased 35 times! Today its population of more than a million; the city has 41 higher educational establishments – therefore Donetsk (given this name in 1961) is young both in age and energy and opti­mism of considerable part of its residents.

We offer you a walk along the finest streets of the city – Pushkin and Artem. Pursuant to our itinerary we follow route M 04 and drive out on Yasynuvatske high­way, which leads to into Kyiv Street. After the bridge you get to Artem Street. In the middle of Miner’s Square there is the statue of a miner, one of Donetsk’s symbols. On the right there are the temple of All Saints, planetarium (165 Artem St.), the chapel of the great martyress Barbara, and the “Olympic” sports complex. It is worth stopping there. Near the central entrance to the complex towers a monument to Serhiy Bubka, a famous athlete, symbol of sport­ing glory of the past epoch. In general, physical culture is in the limelight in Donetsk – there are more than 15 sports complexes and sports palaces in the city. Such a policy produces good re­sults – suffice it to mention the soccer team “Shakhtar”! Walking down Herman Titov Street you will see other symbols of the city. The oldest of them is Mertsalov palm set up in the territory of the exposition center “Donbas,” which is situated in Leninist Komsomol Park. The contour of the famous palm decorates the coat of arms of the Donetsk oblast.

Museum of Local Lore located nearby (189 a Cheliuskintsi St) is one of the richest in the coun­try whose exposition numbers about 150 thousand exhibits. Apart from the traditional skeleton of mammoth, meteorites and archae­ological finds, it contains personal belongings of the prominent figures such as the composer S. Prokofiev, arctic researcher G. Sedov, theatrical figure B. Nemirovich-Danchenko. At the entrance to the park there is the bronze statue of the well-known crooner Yo. Kobzon (set up in his lifetime, by the way!). The alleys of the park lead to the toy child’s railway station (eastern part of the park).

We return to the intersection of Artem and Myr streets. Fir-trees and willows of public gardens show green near the build­ing of the city council. Before the main facade there’s Gun the Czar – a gift from the government of Moscow (copy of the famous Moscow artifact) in exchange for the Donetsk copy of the palm. Opposite the cannon stands the bell from the bur­gomaster of the German city of Bochum. Between them there is a cascade of merry waterfalls. Behind the building of the city council there is the park of the forged figures. These master­pieces of blacksmith’s art come from festivals of masters, which are conducted every year. In the southern section of the public garden there was erected a monument to John Yuz.

We go further to the crossing with Shevchenko Boulevard, where there’s a monument to Taras Shevchenko, the great Ukrainian poet and artist. On the left there is the Transfiguration Cathedral (129 b Artem St.), in front of which stands the statue of Archangel Michael, patron and protector of Kyiv, which decorated Kyiv’s main square recently, and was presented to Donetsk in ex­change for the Donetsk palm, which is now “residing” at Kyiv rail­way terminal. Nearby there is the wooden chapel of Saint Sergey Radonezhsky.

The construction of N. Krupskaia Library (arch. E. Gamze, 84 Ar­tem St.) started in 1926, and fell on the years of strengthening Soviet power in Eastern Ukraine, when monumental architectural style was particularly in fashion. Majestic columns and solemn bas-reliefs give the building a festive and respectable appearance; the funds of the library are respectable as well – about 1,7 million volumes! Beyond the library (right down Shevchenko Boulevard) there is the Art Museum, where on display you will see paintings by I.Aivazovsky, I.Shishkin, S.Vasylkivsky, CMunier, D.Salviati, J.Mo-lenaer and other outstanding artists.

Artem Street is considered the most respectable in Donetsk, whereas Pushkin Boulevard is the best and most quiet city street. The next object of note, the pride of Donetsk citizens, is the Academic Opera and Ballet Theater (82 Artem St.), opposite which shines the gilded statue of “duke the miner.’The career of the prominent tenor Anatoliy Solovyanenko began at Donetsk Opera House, and it was there that he perpetuated himself in the stage image of Duke from the opera “Rigoletto” by G.Verdi. The annual festival “Stars of World Ballet” initiated by the People’s Artist of Ukraine, V. Pisarev, takes place on the stage of the theater every year. Behind the theater there is the magnificent building of “Donbas-Palace” Hotel. Regarding its luxu­ry it does not yield to the best hotels of the world. Opposite Lenin Square with the petrified leader in the center there is the musical and drama theater (built 1933, 74 a Artem St.). A monument to A. Pushkin was set up behind the building. Next to the monument you can rest in a shady boulevard. Another wonderful recreation place is the embankment of the Kalmiusky reservoir with bright regattas of sails. If you wish to visit Botanical garden (110 lllich St., tel.: (0622) 94-1280), you have to ride down lllich St. (begins from Lenin Square) to the north-eastern outskirts of the city. The garden was laid out in 1977 on an area of 275 hectares. Its unique green collection numbers about 10,000 species of plants! In a word, Donetsk is a fantastic city – the magnificent flora of its numerous parks, its wide boulevards and reservoirs, luxurious buildings and sweet-scented roses against the background of waste heaps com­pose a hymn to creative and persistent human labor…

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