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Inkerman, the town of the caves, is located in the eastern outskirts of Sevastopol. In the early 15 th century the rulers of Theodora principality (the medieval Christian state that exist­ed in the mountains in the vicinity of present-day Bakhchisaray) built the fortress of Kalamita in the Akhtiarsk estuary to defend their port. The remains of the fortifications -the ruins of the walls and towers – can be seen above the plateau over the Monastery of St. Clement.

When the Turks established protectorate over the Crimean Khanate the fortress was named Inkerman -” the fortress of the caves.”  The point is that the caves of an old Christian monastery of the 7 th-9 th centuries were located under the fortress. In Soviet times the monastery was closed, and in the 1990 s it resumed its activity.

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