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Kruty

Near the railway station of Kruty there is a monument, which reflects one of the most discrepant pages of Ukrainian history. The battle of Kruty is tragic not only because of the number young people who died, but due to the fact that at the beginning of the 20th century a group of 300 inexperienced and badly armed students and gymnasia pupils, betrayed by their commanders, went out to defend the Ukrainian statehood against the Bolshevik detachments commanded by M. Muravyov. On the whole 6 thou­sand soldiers arrived from Soviet Russia. With only a few chargers for each and one cannon, the heroes accepted unequal battle. Standing in the face of death, they sang the national anthem. The number of those who perished was added by those shot by the Bolsheviks. Most of them were later re-buried at Askold’s grave in Kyiv. Now a memorial reminds one of the tragic events of the past.

In the village of there is the Panteleimon Kulish memorial museum “Hanna’s Hermitage. Panteleimon Kulish (1819-1897) was born into the family of a well-to-do peasant and the daughter of a Cossack captain. It is one of the most colorful figures in Ukrainian literature. The cherished dream of the writer was to reach the masses through his word and thought. At his wedding Taras Shevchenko was the groom’s man. P. Kulish was an active member of SS. Cyril and Methodius Brotherhood, the author of collections of folk-lore, historical and ethnographic essays, the novel “Black Council,” the Ukrainian ABC book and reader. “Frantic Panko,” as he was named by his friends, after many severe trials, moved to the farmstead of Motronivka, which he named “Hanna’s Hermitage” in honor of his wife (nom de plume was Hanna Barvinok). While staying there he compiled the collection “Khutor Philosophy and Poetry Remote from the World,” which after appearance in 1879 was forbidden by censorship. “As regards an ideal revolutionary-citizen, you will not find a greater one than Panko Kulish. It seems he alone is looming as a light patch from the dark Ukrainian past. He alone can be considered a real European, a person who approached the type of a west­ern intellectual,” M.Khvyliovyi, a well-known Ukrainian prose writer, wrote about him.

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