The city of Luhansk located on the banks of the Luhan and Vilkhova rivers is known from the end of the 18 th century. The foundation of the Luhansk foundry by Catherine II contributed to the development of the older settlement of Kamyanyi Brid. Some time later it became clear that hopes for local cheap metal had not justified, and the plant was closed. Demand for Luhansk cast-iron arose during the war with Napoleon (1812) and the Crimean military campaign (1853-1856); further development of the city was promoted by the construction of the railway and subsequent production of locomotives.
In 1918 the Soviet military leader Klim Voroshilov raised detachments of the red guards from Luhansk workers. Afterwards the city was renamed in his honor – Voroshilovgrad, and in 1990 the historical name was restored. One of the best known figures in the history of the city is the lexicographer Vladimir Dal, author of the explanatory dictionary of the Russian language. The cottage in which he was born today is V. I. Dal literary memorial museum. Opposite the building there is a monument to the Cossack of Luhansk (Vladimir Dai’s nom de plume under which he printed his fairy-tales, poems and other works). Close by, in the oldest street of the city (formerly English St.), there has been preserved a house of the early 19 th century (7 Dal St., now it is a physiotherapeutic policlinic).
Walking up the lane to Sverdlov and Postal streets and turning left, you will get to the Art Museum. Proceeding along Titov Street southward, you will get to the Museum of Local Lore – a solid building of Soviet times. The museum has a rich archaeological collection, of special interest are the finds of the period of the bloom of Ku-mania – a union of Polovtsian tribes that existed in these lands in the 12 th century. Worthy of notice is the collection of Ukrainian embroidered towels characteristic of eastern Ukraine. Behind the building there is the English tank of the period of World War I,
installed on a platform. The staff of the Museum of History and Culture of Luhansk will acquaint you with the history of the city. The exposition is arranged within the premises of the former town council – an old structure of the latter half of the 19 th century. The exhibits include a collection of weaponry, paintings by well-known artists, precious jewelry and the like. Not far away, the former House of Technology dominates Chervona Square (1953). Today this imposing building is occupied by the administration of an institution of higher learning.