The memorial museum in the village of Shevchenkove was opened in 1939 in the estate of Taras Shevchenko’s parents. True, the boy spent the first years of his life in Moryntsi, the native village of his mother, but two years later his parents moved to Kyrylivka, where Taras lived until the age of 14. After his mother’s death Taras went away from home and traversed a severe course of life. Taras Shevchenko’s philosophical conception of life, poetic and artistic talent formed exactly there, among the blessed scenery of Cherkasy region. “Kobzar,” the collection of his poems, is the summit of his poetic creative work. This book revived the oppressed spirit of the people and became the national Bible for each Ukrainian conscious family. The models of the hut where T.Shevchenko was born, and the hut of his grandfather Yakym Boyko have been recreated at the museum. On display there are belongings of Taras’ parents. The hut of the deacon, which became the first “university” for Taras, has been also preserved. It is interesting to note that recently the roofs have been thatched with straw according to English technology. The historical and cultural reserve “Taras Shevchenko’s Motherland” was founded in 1992. The graves of the poet’s parents and the estate of Mr. Engelgard in the village of Budysche are under the reserve’s guard.