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Solotvyno became famous due to its salt deposits and salt-mines, which have been in operation since times of old. The town is situated on the right bank of the Tysa River, between the mountain ridges Sklavan and Mahura, close to the Ukrainian-Romanian frontier. The oldest reference to the town dates from the 14 th century. The beginning of industrial extraction of salt turned it into an important economic and political center. Beginning from the Middle Ages salt has been considered a real monetary unit, that is why Hungarian rulers and other grandees gave much consideration to the development of Solotvyno.

Today the town is famous not only for its salt production and the Transcarpathia regional allergology hospital, but also for the local analogue of the Dead Sea – the saline Lake of Kunigunda. In summer thousands of visitors come here on days off to revel in the salubrious waters of the lake.

On the way from Tiachiv to Rakhiv, near the village of Dilove, scientists of Vienna Royal Academy of Sciences of the Austro-Hungarian Empire installed a geodesic sign symbolizing the Geographic center of Europe. Upon it there is a carved inscrip¬≠tion in Latin: Locus Perennis.Dilicentissime cum libella librations quae est in Austria et Hungary conffectacum mensura gradum meridionalium et pralleloumierum Europeum. MD CCCLXXXVII (Constant, exact place. Very precisely, with the help of a special apparatus, using the scale of me¬≠ridians and parallels, there was determined the Center of Europe. 1887). We do not recommend you to tell the local residents about the recent attempts of French geographers to “transfer” the center of Europe to the environs of Vilnius. At least they will not believe you…

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