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Velyki Sorochyntsi

The village of Velyki Sorochyntsi founded in the 17 th century over the Psiol River near Myrhorod became famous thanks to Nikolay Vasilievich Gogol. In 1646 this settlement was seized by the Ukrainian magnate leremiya Vyshnevetsky who was the owner of almost the whole territory of Poltava region, but after the Liberation war under the leadership of Bohdan Khmelnytsky it became the town of Myrhorod regiment. In 1689 the son of the assigned Cossack hetman Pavlo Apostol, Myrhorod Colonel Danylo Apostol, received a manifesto from Hetman Ivan Mazepa on possesions in Sorochyntsi and Khomutets. In 1 732-1734 Danylo built in the village the Transfiguration Church which became the family burial-vault. It is considered that the architect of the Ukrainian baroque temple was Stepan Kovnir, lay brother of the Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra. The family coat of arms designed by the hetman himself has been preserved in the church. Unfortunately, in Soviet times the burial-vault was unsealed and all its contents settled in different museums. The temple preserves the unique wood-carved iconostasis (20 m. wide and 17 m.high) and paintings of the 17 th century. In 1809 the future writer Nikolay Gogol was baptized in this church. First the temple had nine cupolas. After the fire of 1811 caused by a thunderbolt it was restored as a five-domed church. Monuments to N.V.Gogol (1910, sculptor I.Ginzburg) and hetman of the Left-bank Ukraine, D. Apostol, can be seen in Sorochyntsi.

Every year in the second half of  August Sorochyntsi turns into a noisy, joyous fair. Its peculiarity consists in the fact that it is not only trade and acquaintance with folk masters, but also the atmosphere of a real folk festival accompanied with theatrical performances. It is worth visiting N.Gogol literary-memorial museum (vil.VelvkiSorochvntsi, 34Gogol St.).

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