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Vyzhnytsia

Surrounded by the mountains and the Cheremosh River, 75 km from Chernivtsi, there is a small Hasidic town, which was known far and wide, and today is famous for its Hutsulian folk festivals. Vyzhnytsia is called the gate of the Bukovynian Carpathians. The town is situated on the right bank of the Cheremosh River. For the first time Vyzhnytsia was mentioned in the Moldavian chronicle at the close of the 15 th century. In 1787 it obtained the status of a market town, and in 1855, the status of a district center.

A trip about Vyzhnytsia should be started from the central square, which in Austrian times was traditionally called Rynok (Market). Among historical buildings that have survived in the square is the City Hall with a tower.

In 1830 the well-known brigand, Myron Shtoliuk, was executed in the square before the City Hall.  In early November 1918 the City Hall was the site of plenipotentiaries of Ukrainian power in Bukovyna, the Ukrainian District National Council. Today it is the local department of the Treasury.

The southern part of Rynok Square was initially built up with religious structures of the most numerous ethno-confessional Jewish community. As of 1910 out of 5,255 citizens of Vyzhnytsia 4,31 7 were Jews, i.e. 82.2%. Unfortunately, World War II annihilated the community and its legacy.

The synagogue situated in the southern side of the central square was built in Austrian times. During World War I it was burnt down by the Russians. During the post-war period it was used.

On the opposite side of the street is found the Roman Catholic Church of SS. Peter and Paul. In 1830 Anna Hanytska and Adolf-Adalbert Hordynsky de Fedkovych, the future parents of Osyp Yuriy Fedkovych, a classic of Ukrainian literature, were married here. In 1876, in place of the wooden church, the construction of a stone temple began. One of the local magnates, Gregory Aivas, an Armenian by birth, and Armenian-Catholic by denomination, was its founder. According to an old tradition the founder and his family were buried within the precincts of the church. In the early 1990 s the church was returned to believers.

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