After 2 or 3 days of Spartan staying on Tarkhankut we start to Yevpatoria. There are two ways to the city: you may go back to Chernomorske, or follow the highway Olenivka-Mariane-Znamianske-Novoivanivka-Veselivka-Yevpatoria (the road is in a comparatively good state). The city is situated on the Back Sea coast in the flat country of the Crimea; its age being more than 25 centuries. The remains of the ancient Greek Cerkinitida can be seen inside a glass pyramid, beside the Museum of Local Lore 111/2 Duvanivska St. At the museum you will become acquainted with the history of the ancient city founded by Greek colonists, which ten centuries later turned into the Turkish fortress Gezlev, and three centuries later, after Russian expansion, obtained the name of Yevpatoria (1783) in honor of the Pontic ruler Mithridate VI Yevpator who in the 1 st century B.C. helped Cerkinitida defend itself against Scythian attacks.
From the museum we get to Theatrical Square. The local A.Pushkin Theater (arch. P. Seferov) was built in 1910 in modernist style, on donations of the city head S. Duvan, a patron of art and benefactor. Old buildings in Duvan, Revolution, and Buslaiev Brothers streets give the flavor of Yevpatoria of the early 20 th century, when the city became a fashionable health resort (today Yevpatoria is considered one of the best children’s resorts in Ukraine). In Revolution Street there is the greatest Tatar sanctuary – the Dzhuma-Dzhami Mosque (36 Revolution St.) built in 1552 after design of the well-known Turkish architect Hodzhi Sinan by request of the Crimean khan Davlet-Ghirey I. On both sides of the multi-cupola structure there are two slender minarets with a spiral of stairs inside, and tracery balconies overhead, from which muezzins called upon true believers to prayer. The mosque is functioning as a temple and museum. Excursions are conducted when there are no services.
You can go upstairs within the minarets on your own. The Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas is situated opposite Prymorska Square. It was built in 898 in Byzantine style and can admit 2,000 believers. Noteworthy among architectural monuments are the Armenian Church (44 International St.) and the Greek Church. At the crossroads with International Street turn left. Let us stop at the intersection of International and Karaite streets. A little to the north, behind the high fence, there is the only Moslem monastery in the Crimea – dervish tekie. Now the medieval complex is being restored. Buying a ticket you can see the interior of the cells and the hall for prayers and conversations. Further we come to Karaite Street, the most attractive street of the city. The Yevpatorian Karaite community is the most numerous one in the Crimea. It was formed at the close of the 18 th century, when the Karaites left Chufut-Kale, the town of the caves located near Bakhchisaray. The street has preserved buildings typical of the late 19 th century, but what its residents are proud most of all is the complex of kenasas (prayer houses, 68 Karaite St.), which simultaneously function as a museum establishment. Apart from two temples the complex includes a theological school, library, and ethnographic museum. Nearby there is cafe that offers Karaite cuisine.